National Centers of Competence in Research (NCCRs) are a funding scheme of the Swiss National Science Foundation. They promote long-term research networks in areas of strategic importance for Swiss science, the Swiss economy, and Swiss society. On the 16th of December 2019, the Federal Government and the Swiss National Science Foundation announced that “SPIN: Spin Qubits in Silicon” is one of six new NCCRs. For its first phase from 2020 to 2023, the NCCR SPIN will receive federal funding of CHF 17 million.
Initially, the main objective of NCCR SPIN is to develop reliable, fast, compact, scalable spin qubits in silicon. In the medium term, the results should make it possible to use spin qubits to perform calculations that would be difficult on a classical computer. The long-term goal, to which NCCR SPIN wants to make a fundamental contribution, is the creation of a universal quantum computer with more than a thousand logical qubits. Each logical qubit is based on a large number of spin qubits, allowing quantum error correction to be implemented.
The NCCR SPIN team consists of researchers from the University of Basel, IBM Research – Zurich, ETH Zurich, and EPF Lausanne. The team members are experts from various disciplines, such as quantum physics, materials science, engineering and computer science. In addition to the collaboration between academia and industry, the NCCR SPIN is characterized by very close links between theory and experiment. The “Leading House” is the University of Basel. Research in Basel will be pursued in the Department of Physics.